Mobile Application Development

Mobile application development is the procedure of constructing software applications to run on mobile devices. A mobile application operates a systematic network connection to function with remote computing resources.  A mobile application or commonly referred to as an app is a kind of application software that is formulated or developed to run on mobile devices like smartphones, it prevails services that can be accessed on PCs.

Mobile Application Development Procedure

Mobile application development procedure includes establishing software bundles like codes, binaries, assets etc., by enforcing backend assistance such as database permit with an application programming interface or API and examining the applications on target appliances. Mobile applications entitle corporations to deliver their customers with a convenient and latest up-to-date experience.

Both mobile application development and web application development has its origin in traditional software development. For developing mobile applications, it is composed especially to take advantage of the distinctive characteristics of mobile devices.

There are two major dominating mobile applications and device platforms, one is the operating system “IOS” that is powered by Apple Inc and the second one is the operating system “Android” which is powered by Google.

There is two dominant technique of mobile application development. The first one is the native mobile application development and the second one is hybrid mobile application development.

Native Mobile Application Development

Native application development is a procedure of developing applications specifically to run on a specific mobile operating system, and users can have access to it through dedicated app stores like “Google Play” for Android or “App Store” for iOS. A native application, when developed, it can only be used from a specific operating system, for example, if an app is developed for the iOS operating system it can not be operated using Android and vice versa.

A native application is one of the most commonly used applications when it comes to mobile devices. Native applications are developed for specific platforms using the language that the platform supports or accepts, I.e. Swift and Objective-C are used for native iOS applications, and Java and Kotlin are used for native Android applications. Both iOS and Android come with their own application developer with their own developing tools, UI or user interface, testing framework, and SDK or software development kit.

iOS Application Development Native

For programming, in iOS application development – native two programming languages are used.

  1. Swift: Swift is a programming framework that is introduced by Apple. It is a modern alternative that is used for building iOS native applications. It is faster in performance and also easy to learn and work with.
  2. Objective-C: Objective-C is the classic programming language. It is well known for its exclusive development experience. It’s significantly a mature framework that is congenial to other programming strategies.

Android Application Development Native

For programming, in Android application development – native two programming languages are used.

  1. Java: Java is an important programming language, as it is predominantly used for Android mobile applications and even in additional objectives. Most of the desktop and web development are established by using Java. It is the obsolete systematic tool for many developers as it makes the procedure of programming easier. The applications programmed using Java is comparatively perform slower than various frameworks.
  2. Kotlin: Kotlin is a programming language just like Java, but it has been developed primarily to operate with Java. The usage of Kotlin is authorized by Google for developing Android apps. Android Studio, Square, Pinterest are the companies that use Kotlin for Android apps.

Advantages of Native Mobile Application Development

There are plenty of advantages that come with native mobile application development. The following are some advantages.

  • Native apps function efficiently as it is built for a specific platform.
  • Native apps are very responsive to all the specific platforms and specific devices.
  • Native apps are quicker or faster, and its performance is comparatively optimistic.
  • With mobile hardware, native apps are more integrated.
  • Native apps are more interactive and it’s UI or user interface and user experience is good, as per the user expectations based on the specific platforms.
  • Some native mobile apps run without internet.
  • Native apps are very stable, protected and reliable.
  • Native apps can operate the specifications of the device, like GPS, Camera, Contacts etc.
  • Native apps are easily accessible and found in their respective mobile application stores.

Disadvantages of Native Mobile Application Development:

Following are the disadvantages of the native mobile apps.

  • Native applications are very expensive in developing and maintaining.
  • It requires more time in developing native mobile applications for multiple platforms.
  • Receiving approval from the respective app stores for a native mobile app is time-consuming, but there’s no guarantee of approval.

Hybrid Mobile Application Development:

Hybrid mobile application development is a procedure of developing an app with the features of both a native and a web application. A hybrid application is a software app that incorporates the components of both native and web applications because to build a hybrid app, an extra layer between the original code and the target platform. A hybrid application is an HTML5 based web application with a native packaging. It is a mobile application coded using HTML5, JavaScript, and also CSS3 languages, then it is merged into a native Android, iOS, and other platforms by using adequate strategies. This technique is appropriate for businesses, as it is fast, less expensive and it is similar to a website. The hybrid application does not require to be coded individually for iOS, Android, and Windows. The hybrid applications have only one original source.

Advantages of Hybrid Mobile Applications

Following are the advantages of hybrid mobile applications.

  • It is simple to formulate code for hybrid mobile applications and merge with the backend.
  • Hybrid apps can be built obtaining a single code base and later can be assembled across various platforms.
  • These mobile applications are developed faster than any other app, hence it ensures more time for marketing.
  • Developing a hybrid mobile application is less expensive compared to other web and native apps.
  • Hybrid mobile applications provide better UI or user interface and user experience.
  • Easier to update because of its real-time updates.

Disadvantages of Hybrid Mobile Application Development:

Following are the disadvantages of hybrid mobile application development.

  • The app performance is not up to the mark because it gives the app WebView which eventually slows the performance of the application.
  • Because of the layer of native elements, it is difficult to look for the bugs that are experiencing on which platforms and devices.
  • Because of the vastness of the mobile platforms, it becomes difficult to operate all features and abilities using hybrid mobile applications.

Difference Between the Native Mobile Application and Hybrid Mobile Application:

The following are the differences between native mobile applications and hybrid mobile applications.

  1. Time: Native mobile apps takes time in developing, whereas developing hybrid mobile apps is less time-consuming.
  2. Cost: Developing native mobile apps is expensive when compared to hybrid mobile apps, as hybrid mobile apps require to be maintained in one code, whereas native mobile apps need developers for every individual platform.
  3. UX or user experience: Native mobile apps give a better UX than hybrid mobile apps, as native mobile apps are specifically designed for a specific app store with which the best compatible apps are found and also the screen size, hardware capacity is also taken care of. Hybrid mobile apps can not provide the same experience as the code for one application is used in every platform.
  4. Updates: Native mobile applications needs to be updated to see the new changes whereas hybrid mobile applications usually do not require to be updated in the app store.
  5. Performance: The performance of native mobile applications are better than hybrid applications because it gives the app WebView which ultimately hinders the performance of the application.
  6. Maintenance: Native mobile apps difficult to maintain and manage in comparison to hybrid mobile apps.
  7. App graphics: Native mobile apps use native APIs; it is rich and attractive in nature whereas hybrid mobile apps use HTML, Canvas, SVG; it depends on the hybrid framework.
  8. Development Language: Native mobile apps are developed by using Objective-C, Java and hybrid mobile apps that are developed by using HTML5, CSS, JavaScript.
  9. Device specifications: Native apps uses the device’s specifications and functionalities whereas hybrid apps limit the uses of the device’s specifications and functionalities.
  10. Compatibility: Native apps are more compatible with the other apps on the device than the hybrid apps, as it is less compatible.
  11. Conclusion: Both the native mobile application development and hybrid mobile application development are beneficial and important for distinct projects. Native apps provide better user experience, it surpassed hybrid apps on the basis of the speed and some technical aspects; however, hybrid apps are great at their own position because of its less demand with expenses, time and resources

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